Wto Agreement Pdf

The WTO Agreements concern goods, services and intellectual property. They set out the principles of liberalisation and the exceptions allowed. These include commitments by individual countries to reduce tariffs and other barriers to trade and to open and maintain open services markets. They establish dispute settlement procedures. They prescribe special treatment for developing countries. They require governments to make their trade policies transparent by informing the WTO of applicable laws and measures adopted and by reporting regularly to the Secretariat on countries` trade policies. > Go to a basic explanation of the agreements. > . or a more technical list > abbreviations The “Final Act”, signed in Marrakech in 1994, is like a title note. Everything else is linked to it.

First, there is the Agreement Establishing the WTO (or the WTO Agreement), which serves as a framework agreement. The Annex contains the Agreements on Goods, Services and Intellectual Property, Dispute Settlement, the Trade Policy Review Mechanism and Plurilateral Agreements. Engagement plans are also part of the Uruguay Round agreements. These schedules contain the commitments made by each WTO Member to allow certain foreign products or service suppliers access to their markets. Timetables are an integral part of the agreements. In the printed version, these tables include about 30,000 pages for all WTO Members. These are supplementary agreements negotiated after the Uruguay Round and annexed to the General Agreement on Trade in Services. There is no “first protocol”. The corresponding engagement plans can be ordered in the online bookstore. The agreements for the two largest goods and services sectors have a common framework in three parts, although the details are sometimes very different.

These agreements are often referred to as WTO trade rules, and the WTO is often described as rules-based, a rules-based system. But it`s important to remember that the rules are actually agreements that governments have negotiated. This chapter focuses on the Uruguay Round agreements, which form the basis of the current WTO system. Other work is also underway at the WTO. This is the result of decisions taken at ministerial conferences, in particular at the Doha meeting in November 2001, when new negotiations and other work were launched. (More on the Doha Agenda, later.) Most WTO agreements are the result of the 1986/94 Uruguay Round negotiations, which were signed at the Marrakesh Ministerial Meeting in April 1994. There are about 60 agreements and resolutions out of a total of 550 pages. The Table of Contents of the Results of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations: The legal texts are a discouraging list of about 60 agreements, annexes, decisions and arrangements. In fact, agreements can be divided into a simple structure with six main parties: a framework agreement (the agreement establishing the WTO); agreements for each of the three major trade areas covered by the WTO (goods, services and intellectual property); dispute resolution; and the review of governments` trade policies. The original agreement on trade in goods, which has now been incorporated into GATT 1994 (see above) Explanatory notes Another group of agreements not included in the table is also important: the two plurilateral agreements not signed by all members: civil aircraft and government procurement. Then there are additional agreements and annexes dealing with the specific requirements of certain sectors or problems.

These agreements are not static; They are renegotiated from time to time and new agreements can be added to the package. Many of them are currently being negotiated within the framework of the Doha Development Agenda, launched in November 2001 by WTO Trade Ministers in Doha, Qatar. WTO agreements are often referred to as the Final Act of the Uruguay Round of trade negotiations 19861994, although strictly speaking the Final Act is the first of the agreements. You can download these texts as WordPerfect or PDF files. The basic structure of the WTO Agreements: how the six main areas of the WTO Framework Convention, products, services, intellectual property, disputes and trade policy reviews fit together. Much of the Uruguay Round focused on the first two parts: general principles and principles for specific sectors. At the same time, negotiations on market access for industrial products were possible. Once the principles are established, negotiations on commitments for sectors such as agriculture and services could continue. Developing countries, in particular the least developed countries, will benefit from greater flexibility in the implementation of certain WTO rules. They are based on general principles: the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) (for goods) and the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). (The third area, Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), also falls into this category, although it does not currently contain any additional parts.) These are the negotiated conditions for the accession of countries that accede to the WTO after its creation on 1 January 1995. They contain the engagement plans of each new member.

National schedules of commitments (and most-favoured-nation clauses) For goods in general: binding tariffs. For agriculture: tariffs, tariff and quota combinations, export subsidies and certain types of domestic support. .